film Losing it
Chaplin and Visconti - bright, though not the only representatives of critical realism in the Western movies. Many critics try to argue that limits the scope of realism art poskolkude it excludes the fantasy game. "Tales" Chaplin repeatedly proven as wrong.Of course, the fantasy is different, there are different and fantastic image. Umberto Barbaro has repeatedly pointed to the need to be able to distinguish fantasy that helps to understand the surrounding reality and give it the specific means of art, from tehnikomehanicheskoy psevdofantazii serving the purposes of escape from reality.This raises another issue, which is closely related to Ibsen's statement: "It is my duty to raise questions rather than answering them." Chekhov concretize this problem in the sense that the questions posed by the artist must be 'reasonable;Answers that give even writers like Tolstoy, in many cases unreasonable, but it does not cross out or even too weakens the image of reality, based on reasonable question. What is the reasonable, correct formulation of the question in the sense that it is understood Ibsen and Chekhov? Answer is generally quite easy:reasonable question - a question that gives the Archimedean fulcrum, can cover all the problems of our time, gives the artist the ability and courage to the end to reveal this in its true perspective, specific, non-deformed form, commonly develop all its potential, postulates regard as typical, and unusualmanifestations. Subjective criteria of the Archimedean point in the current environment is to overcome the anguish and despair in the face of reality.Objectively the problem accordingly is to stop looking at the reality of chaos and recognize the existence and intelligibility of its laws, the pursuit of development, the role of man in the process. It is crucial to look at the man: intelligent formulation of the question in the Chekhovian sense entails the following alternatives:whether or not to consider man as a helpless victim of supernatural, and unknowable force majeure, or as an active member of the human team, where his work has certain features, more or less important, but, in any case, mutually connected with the fate of the whole human society?We are not going to oppose the pessimism Antonioni and modernists as "total" and tending to generalize optimism. We know that a lot of the dark around us, especially in our time, and willing to surrender to despair able to find enough reasons for this in our own daily lives. The film is Losing
.One can not forget the difficulties of the present period, but these should not be difficult to raise a shield. You can not only say, as do the modernists, the status quo, regard it as having an independent value and meaning, not seeing in him nothing but the fatal inevitability of misfortune.Can not be a sense of confusion and helplessness of the world to give, rise to the level of philosophy.