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PART V. Features documentary CHAPTER A 16.Kinopravla or method "real movie" In the previous chapters we have discussed the methods and technical features of the production of documentary films, focusing on the standard of documentary film.It would be useful to learn more about all genres of documentary, from filmaportreta nauchnopopulyarnogo to sketch, but the volume of the book is limited. The most serious difficulty is four documentary genre: Kinopravda, С…СѓРґРѕР¶РµСЃС‚РІРµРЅРЅРѕРґРѕРєСѓРјРµРЅС‚Р°Р»СЊРЅС‹Р№, history, presentation and РѕР±С‰РµСЃС‚РІРµРЅРЅРѕРїСѓР±Р»РёС†РёСЃС‚РёС‡РµСЃРєРёР№.It is about them I want to talk in detail. Kinopravda or "real movie", as it is sometimes called in America, is more a method of creating a painting than the genre of documentary. The name "Kinopravda" was given a radical experiment, conducted in the USA, Canada and France in the early 1960s.Robert Drew, Ricky Leacock and, in particular, Don Pennebaker devoted much time and effort to develop a system using lightweight cameras that could be worn on the shoulder, using lightweight synchronous recorders. Their technical innovation has made literally a revolution, radically changing the structure and decision documentary.Kakoeto time a certain part of the adepts of the new film to the belief that Kinopravda completely replace the usual staging the film. Views on these matters have dispersed, but a common method of filming download the film Iljimae
and required following principles: Serial, naturally evolving story with a lot of events;No preliminary structure, directly tracking the story b real time huge amount of shooting, up to 40-50:1; lack clues directing negotiations between the director and the hero or the operator, the minimum comment, creation and structuring of the film directly on the timeline.This approach has become a new word in the film, accepted with great enthusiasm and excitement, of course amid technically strong, but boring, static and predictable documentaries that were shown on television networks.Today, traditional documentaries CBS, NBC or ABC early 1960s forgotten, while the films made by the method of Kino, they watch modern audience. In the early 60's movies Kino talked about the crisis of identity, popkontsertah, and almost nothing about politics.Filmmakers 70 and 80 worked on the development of this form, which remains very popular to this day, especially with young people.This method is associated with the names of the greatest works of documentary early 60's, he shrouded delight and worship, promising to show the real truth, to give the opportunity to go for the rigid framework of the conservative old- fashioned movie - the last argument is especially nice. As one of the students: "This is an uncontrolled cinema.It is more humane. It penetrates right into the heart of things, keeping the realism and honesty.. "I do not share all the enthusiasm about it. There is another reason for the popularity Kino objective: much less work.Do not conduct research, write boring scripts that were stupid narration, do advance planning.