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Thus, the optimal management structure of the national cinema that existed in the 1920s.Made it possible to protect the development of the industry from the effects of adverse factors of the social and cultural environment, to join forces as the main subjects kinodela toward a common goal, to achieve so highly cost-effective cinematography.The successful development of the material base of film download the film мелодрамма
and allowed to direct a large part of the improvement of production technologies, support of creative experiments in the shooting of the film, regardless of their commercial impact at the box office.Management structure of the cinematography and cash flows between the entities industry The end of the NEP and the transition to industrialization was accompanied by failure of market mechanisms to regulate in favor administrativnokomandnoy control inherent in the planned economy.This transformation was caused by the need of the state to direct resources developed sectors of the economy of the USSR, including the cinema, to finance the construction of heavy industry. In light of these objectives the cinematography of the USSR in 1930was centralized, joint-stock form of organization of national cinemas has been removed. Income trusts Soviet republics on the production and distribution of movies has become alienated in the state budget.However, rental companies in this situation chose to send all their profits to finance the film studios, covering their current and perceived costs, ie, received widespread practice of so- called "registry."To enhance financial performance control areas of film distribution Government download the film мелодрамма
and decided on the organizational separation of movie studios and rental trusts Soviet republics, the introduction of centralized funding their work. In the Russian Federation - Moscow. and Len. FKI Soiuzkino, trusts:Tehfilm, Soyuzkinohronika, Vostokkino, Goskinprom Georgia Belgoskino, Uzbekkino, Armenkino, Azerkino, Turkmenkino, cinematography Tadzhikkino management structure and cash flows between the entities industry This measure led to the formation of a powerful shadow market in sales in the first half of the film of the 1930s.Businesses hire, are not interested in maximizing profits, began practicing artificial decline in their income at the same time to increase of costs. Attempts to introduce cost accounting in rental and cinema with the end of the policy of industrialization failed to correct the situation.Under the rule of the planned economy and management administrativnokomandnyh rolling trusts still not free to dispose of their earnings, to realize your profits. So they still were not download the film мелодрамма
and interested in the growth of its official figures.One of the main negative effects of this process was the lack of funding for film studios, which was download the film мелодрамма
and carried out of the profits of enterprises of film distribution. Organizational separation of film production and distribution, and so led to the aggravation of potential conflict in their economic interests.In practice, self-supporting trusts rolled steel annually allocate a fixed amount for the implementation of filmmaking, regardless of fees cinemas.