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Fairy tales of the Viennese wood
LOOK ONLINE - В«La Revue du cinemaВ»,? 13, 1948, maggio. dozhestvennaya identity.We shall not go into an analysis of his work. For our study it is important to note that neither the beginning, marked by the influence of De Robertis, or at maturity, reaching a distinctive character, either in the premature decline kakihto Rossellini shows no specific links with the "scientists" currents of Italian Cinema, which produced "Obsession."Consequently, neorealism Rossellini - is a relatively new phenomenon in the Italian film industry, which should be attributed mainly to the tradition documentalism.And yet, if you can not determine the role played in the formation of Rossellini, even unconsciously, to appeal more remote traditions, such as regionalism, and the whole atmosphere of filmmaking in general, not a priori that role and challenge.Be that as it may, Rossellini's neorealism - is not the whole Italian neo-realism, and only one of the lines. Italian neo-realism - a living, which is in constant development experience that can not be fit into a static formula. download the film Wilcze echa and Formed parallel to the work of Rossellini's other lines of development, fed by other sources.It is particularly important experience Vittorio De Sica. First actor of stage and theater, then the typical hero best films Camerini, De Sica debut as a director about 1940 and at first does not go beyond the easy and pleasant humor in the spirit of Camerino.However, in the world of Camerino De Sica immediately introduces a more open satirical stance, striving desperately to solve the narrative material in caricature sketches, already containing the germ of social background of controversy and moral judgment. "TerezaPyatnitsa" in this sense is already a great achievement:remember a very short visit to the college scene patroness.At the same time De Sica shows susceptibility to paint the world's pathetic Camerini that southern temperament makes him strengthen the spirit of sensitivity De Amichisa individuality De Sica almost suddenly revealed in the film "Children look at us," completed in the spring of 1943, but released in theaters only 1944."Children are watching us," the main idea is expressed in the title, is in a critical vein family situations that are typical of the Italian bourgeoisie in the period between the two wars. This was the first time in the Italian cinema, when it took part in a particular painful debate, removal of moral judgment.The same polemical impulse prevails in "Shusha", where De Sica gets rid of a forced caricature, from some exaggerated sentimentalism, still persists in the "Children are watching us," and rises to the full image rights.In "Bicycle Thieves," the best film of De Sica and the best film of Italian cinema in general, to define its В«StimmungВ»: severe loneliness to which condemns human struggle for existence, a parable of humanity, filled with determinism and hopeless, devoid of catharsis.Accurately determines the nature and the value of its social and moral debate, which is not an end in itself, but the way to signify a person's position, the issue that does not require a response.