Even in the pre-Revolutionary years, Lenin and Gorky, the first representatives of the Russian intelligentsia have paid close attention to the movie. In 1907, Lenin stressed the cultural significance of the cinema, and in 1922 said:"Many people sincerely believe that panem et circenses can overcome the difficulties and dangers of the present period. Bread - of course! As for the shows, - let them! - I not mind. But even if it does not forget that spectacle - it does not present a great art, but rather a more or less beautiful entertainment ...The right of our workers and peasants deserve chegoto more than spectacles. They were entitled to present great art. " In addition, there is another Lenin saying: "Of all the arts for us cinema is the most important."Gorky spoke of cinematic characters who are destined to immortality, he offered Lunacharsky Reeker movie watch online in excellent quality
and create a general history of culture, taking advantage of the facilities, and the cinema.Back in 1914, he wrote stories for films included in the collection "plays and screenplays," presided over many meetings and discussions on film art, constantly stressed the role of cinema in the development of culture and protect it from the dangers of conformism that he foresaw even starting from 1896 year.Then, a few months after the first public appearance of the Lumiere brothers, Gorky wrote: "He earlier than serve science and help improve the people, serve the Nizhny Novgorod Fair and help popularize the debauchery ...There is nothing on earth is so great and wonderful thing a person could not Reeker movie watch online
and debase and stain, and even in the clouds, which were previously living ideals and dreams, now want to print ads, it seems, on improved closet. " Coll. "Lenin on culture and art", 1956, p. 522 T m and the same page.Gorky, Collected Works in 30 volumes 23 m M 'J January 1953, p.' "10 Leo Tolstoy, too, saw in the cinema a powerful means of spreading culture around 1910, he said that it would be good to use cinema to explore the countries and peoples it is necessary to ,, it showed Russian reality in all its variability development;it should be Watch online movie Reeker in comfort
and show life such as it is, instead of looking fictitious and false stories. Together with Gorky and Tolstoy problems of a movie were engaged in many intelligentymarksisty, and not only the Soviet."The connection of man with his checkered past - says the Englishman Christopher Caudwell - is reflected in the cities, in the churches, in the States, and finally to" narratives "that is, the images changing human life, organized in time. Film Ricker
.Thus there is a new art, which reaches its climax - by creating novels and films - in the era spanning the period from 1750 to the present day ... The visual arts, developing over time, is dance, theater, and finally, the movie .. . Dance, theater and cinema merged or complemented each other in their technique. "Thus, according to Caudwell, cinema with zhivovopisyu and sculpture, and together with dance, theater and visual art is architecture. Italian Galvano Della Volpe, looking for "a philosophical proof, or the most common justification for cinema as art" refers to the research in the field of aesthetics Pudovkin movie:"The results achieved in the field of aesthetics of cinema and literature Pudovkin and Gramsci, marked a new, truly successful stage in the development of materialist aesthetics that began with Marx and Engels."He also opposes the desire to establish a hierarchy of artistic values, achieved by appropriate means of expression and therefore prevent them from "the coexistence of peace Cristophe r With au dwell, Illusion and Reality. A Study of the Sources of Poetry. Lawrence and Wishart, London, b. g .; ital.