film A Gentleman's Dignity
What is the main leading thought of this book? It is formulated in the subtitle - "Rehabilitation of physical reality" (in film studies and literature there are other translations of this basic formula: "Return to the material reality", "Rehabilitation of material reality."Reality Krakauer calls and "physical reality" and "material reality" and "reality cameras" and "visible world")."Movies fulfill their true purpose when they imprint and reveal physical reality" - it is clear that Krakauer based on the recognition of the existence of objective reality, the possibility of its knowledge and reflection by means of art. This brings Krakauer Marxist aesthetics.Idealist, subjectivist position of the majority of modern foreign art theorists leads them to promote freedom of the artist's life, independence of art from reality.Krakauer also firmly on the materialist position, according to realism in art ,, According to him, modern society tend to impoverishment of man's inner world and modern man - alienated from the life around them, and a movie with his ability to make the invisible prominent human can return to the real world, to the materialreality. This makes the movie socially significant factor. And in this we can agree with Krakauer. Reasons close connection with the reality of the movie Krakauer sees the nature of photographic film, in the origin of the movie from photos.And here we can agree, but to dwell on this, as does Krakauer, would be limited, narrow understanding of realism and understanding of the specific expressive possibilities of cinema. And the further develops his thought Siegfried Kracauer, the more we find clear differences, the more you want to argue with him.In the first chapter of his book, Krakauer talks about the photos that capture and reveal the objective reality. And even if complete objectivity is unattainable, the photographer tends to her and not to self-expression, not the interpretation.It is possible for a more complete and accurate disclosure of reality photographer uses the camera angle, optics, lighting, film quality, and, as the desire for real does not contradict the desire to be creative, photography is an art. Photo Krakauer considers a fundamental principle of cinema.Therefore, the main specific feature of cinema he believes the disclosure of reality without bringing it to the victims of internal self-revelation or vision of the artist. film A Gentleman's Dignity
.And, despite the fact that complete objectivity is impossible here, a film designer should strive for the most complete and objective disclosure of reality. Here there is an opportunity to dispute a talented researcher.Agreeing with him about photography as a fundamental principle of art, I would like to emphasize that the movie is far away from its primordial thanks synthetical. Arguments look like they would remain silent movie.