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Fairy tales of the Viennese wood
LOOK ONLINE This connects with Krakauer Marxist aesthetics.Idealist, subjectivist position of most modern foreign art theorists leads them to promote freedom of the artist of life, independence of art from reality.Krakauer also firmly on the materialist position, according to the art of realism, in his view, modern society tend to loss the inner world of a modern man - alienation from the life around him, and the movie, with its ability to make visible the invisible man can return to the real world to materialreality. This makes the film socially significant factor. And in this we can agree with Krakauer. Causes close connection with reality cinema Krakauer sees the photographic nature of cinema, cinema in the origin of the photo.And here we can agree, but to dwell on this, as does Krakauer, would be limited, narrow understanding of realism and understanding of the specific expressive possibilities of cinema. And the further Siegfried Kracauer his thought, the more we find clear differences, the more you want to argue with him.In the first chapter of his book, Krakauer talks about photography, and Captures disclosing objective reality. Even if complete objectivity is unattainable, the photographer tends to her and not to self-expression, not to be interpreted.It is possible for a more complete and accurate disclosure of reality photographer uses the camera angle, optics, lighting, film quality, and, as the desire for real in no way contradicts the desire for creativity, photography is an art. Photos Krakauer says a fundamental principle of cinema.Therefore, the main specific feature of cinema he believes the disclosure of reality without bringing it to the victims of the internal vision of self-discovery, or the artist. And, despite the fact that complete objectivity is not possible here, cinema artist should strive for the most complete and objective disclosure of reality.This raises the possibility of a dispute with a talented researcher. Agreeing with him about photography as a fundamental principle of art, I would like to point out that the movie is far away from its fundamental principles by synthetical. The arguments seem as if the movie is left mute.A sound - the living word, music, and even real life noises - may be not so much for the objective of disclosure as to interpretation, understanding, interpretation of reality. And even if we consider only the silent film, installation, of plot, acting far gone cinema from its photographic base.Therefore, Soviet theoreticians Kuleshov, Eisenstein, download the film Doc Martin and Pudovkin believed mostly specific means cinema installation, as Eisenstein particularly insisted on the synthetic nature of the film, its polyphonic possibilities. And besides, in various forms and genres of film can hold a dominant position different elements.Photographic quality prevails in the documentary, a violation of norms of life - in the comedy, psychology characters - in the drama, plot twists - a detective, and so on and so forthKrakauer clearly underestimates the sound, following in this for another German theorist Arnheim, who in his book "Film as Art", written in 1958, stayed on as the "great silent." Krakauer is not as conservative, but some of the chapters of his book due to an underestimation of the sound seem a little old- fashioned.Krakauer often more concerned with the proof of the axiom that cinema is an art than a study of new media art.